Detail: Osiris, Tutankhamun and his ka; Nut greeting Tutankhamun; Tutankhamen as Osiris from Opening of the Mouth ritual; outer coffin in quartzite sarcophagus.
King Tutankhamun's Burial Chamber
Book of the Dead, spell 1: funeral procession
Tutankhamun is lying on a deathbed. The sledge is towed by 12 persons of which nine probably are representing the 'The nine friends of the king'. Following are the two viziers of the South and North. All persons pulling the sledge wear a wig and a white headband. White headbands are still used by relatives at funerals in nowadays Egypt. They all wear white sandals in a shape identical with the two pair found in Tutankhamun's tomb.
Front Wall Right Part
Tutankhamun flanked by god Anubis and goddess Hathor
Behind the king is Anubis with the jackal head is standing, the god of mummification. He opened the roads to the netherworld. Anubis also brought the dead before the judges of the netherworld, for whom he weighted the heart being the dwelling place of the conscience. The judges would determine if the pharaoh didn't committed any sins during his life. When found innocent, Tutankhamun would live for eternity. Anubis has placed his left hand on the shoulder of Tutankhamun, as if he led Tutankhamun before Hathor. In his right hand he is wearing the Ankh-sign.
Right from Tutankhamun the goddess Hathor stands besides him. She was the Goddess of the West, and protector of the Theban Necropolis. She used to greet the dead when the arrived in the Netherworld. On the wall she gives life through the nostrils of Tutankhamun by holding the 'Ankh'-sign towards his nose. In her left hand she is holding a second 'Ankh'-sign. In her white headband the symbol of the West (where the sun goes down) is inserted.
Location: Valley of the Kings East Valley, Thebes West Bank, Thebes
Osiris, Tutankhamun and his ka
The god Osiris was the central deity in ancient Egyptian mortuary rituals. In Egyptian mythology he is ruler of the Underworld and associated with resurrection. He is depicted as a man wrapped in white mummy bandages.
The "ka" is what we would call a spirit or a soul. The "ka" was created at the same time as the physical body. A persons "ka" would live on after their body had died. The Egyptians left offerings of food, drink, and worldly possessions in tombs for the "ka" to use.