The Role of Women in Ancient Nubia
Ancient Nubian Princess
King Ramses II & Queen Nefertari
Nubian Chronology "Its glory and its people"
The Kingdom is Possible Because of the Queen. . . . The King is the Sign. . . . While the Queen is the Symbol. . . .
Basic Concept: Late Egyptian Religion
King Menkaure and Queen Kha-merer-nebty II
Queen Hatshepsut
Queen Tiye and King Amenhotep III
The Global African Presence
This is constantly growing list of articles on about the ancient African presence in many countries around the world as well as many articles on the American history of Africans displaced there. Editor Choice
Egyptian Sculpture: Battalion of 40 Nubian armed archers ready for war (from tomb of a local prince or general named Nomarchus Mesehti of Asyut (Upper Egypt), under the ruler Mentuhotep II (11th Dynasty 2055 -2004 BC.)   
Nubia Museum, in Aswan
Nubian Photo Gallery
Paleolithic era in Africa
Ancient Sudan: The Kingdom of Kush
Note: It is important to remember that Egypt is in Africa. Map of Africa

Map of Nubia plus 25th dynasty
Egyptian Book of the Dead
Examines the history of the continent from an African perspective. Ancient Ghana, Kanem, Mali, Songhay, Hausa States Asante, Ife, Benin and South Africa.
The Story of Africa
Positively Black
"The closing of the Egyptian temples by the order of Emperor Justinian in the fifth century (AD) anticipated and symbolized the "2000 seasons" of the attempt to destroy African civilization. . . . .
Vanishing Evidence of African Civilizations
Ancient Egypt's Role in European History
King Tuthmosis III
Music: Ancient Egyptian Lute
Hits since 10/19/2000
Chaka the Great
Queen of Sheba (960 BC)
African Religions
Afrikan Historians of the Nineteenth Century & The Nile Valley
Origin of the Ancient Egyptians
Future of African Gods: Clash of Civilizations
The Nile Valley and the Spread of African Culture
Cheikh Anta Diop, a modern champion of African identity, was born in Diourbel, Senegal on December 29, 1923. Dr. Diop was the Director of Radiocarbon Laboratory at the Fundamental Institute of Black Africa (IFAN) at the University of Dakar.
The African Woman as Heroine: Great Black Women in History
Mission & Goal: Rewriting History
African Writing Systems
The Great Sphinx (Rare Photo)
King Sahure - 5th
Eldest daughter Princess Sitamun
Karomama "Divine Concort"
Hunting for the Elusive Nubian A-Group People
The people that lived in Lower Nubia--the region between the First and the Second Cataract of the Nile and the surrounding deserts--during predynastic times are called the A-Group.
King Seti I Family Tree
Myra Wysinger, Editor
Kemetic Religion - Oldest Religion in the World
USA
Oldest Surviving Egyptian Royal Sculpture in Stone
Kush, Ancient Nubia Resources & Bibliography
Egypt Before the Pharaohs
Unknown Kushite Attack on Egypt
Photo of a Nubian man and Woman
Pre-history Africa & the Badarian Culture
Queen Nefertiti
Who Built the Pyramids?
Black Athena Debate
Before Color Prejudice
Nubians in Ancient Egypt
Nubia: Sabu 3rd Cataract
Kush aka Cush in the Old Testament Bible
Ancient African Civilizations to ca. 1500
Chronology of Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Nubians at Hierakonpolis -- Latest Findings
The main mission of the project is to create a community of teachers, scholars, students, educators in museums and libraries, and others who want to learn and teach about Nubia as a significant ancient civilization, and to integrate this knowledge into the school curriculum, informal educational activities, and self- study programs.
Nubianet: All About Nubia, aka Kush & Ta-Seti
Buy Africology Books & Videos

Ancient Africa and Nubian Books
Research Links
Nubian Hair Supplies
Market Place
African Indigenous Science
American Anthropological Assoc. Statement on "Race"
Ancient Beauty Secrets
More Research Links
Ancient African Civilization to ca. 1500
African Continent Royal Kingdoms
Nubian Pyramids (Meroe & Nuri, etc.)
Hanging in the Hair
King Tut's Photo Gallery and Reconstructions
African Photo Albums
New Archaeological Findings May Re-shape Sudanese History
Ahmos Nefertari Family Tree
Ancient Africa's "Miracle Tree"
Gebel el-Arak Knife
17th & 18th Dynasty Family Tree
The Land of Punt
Origin of the Oracle
Wereret aka Isis
The Anu aka Aunu Culture
Oromo in Ancient Egypt, 2150-1986 BC
Pyramids from the Northern Cemetery at Meroë, 3rd c. B.C. to 4th c. A.D. (Photo Gallery)
Analyzing DNA: There is no evidence of modern humans outside Africa earlier than 50,000 years ago, says Dr. Richard Klein, an archaeologist at Stanford University.
Summary of the 3rd, 12th & 18th Dynasties
25th Dynasty Family Tree
Mentuemhat, Governor of Thebes, Egypt
12th Dynasty Family Tree
Slave Trade Map & African-American Ancestry
Origin of Farming in Africa: Ancient Nubia
African Masks
African Influence in Ancient America
The Economic and Political Organization of Meroe
Nubian Queen Amanitore of Meroe (12 BC-12 AD)
Nubian Lion-god Apedemek
My banner for your website
Neolithic Period to Egypt's Dynasty 1
by Bruce B. Williams, Research Associate, Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
How Old is the Iron Age in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Excavation: The Predynastic Nubia A-Group
More recent discoveries of incised ocher date back almost as far as 100,000 BC, making Africa home to the oldest images in the world.
Africa: Continent of Origins
Wadi Kubbaniya (17,000-15,000 BC)
These sites demonstrate that the early inhabitants of the Nile valley and its nearby deserts had learned how to exploit local environments, developing economic strategies that were maintained in later cultural traditions of pharaonic Egypt.
African Archaeology: Prehistoric Burial Sites
Sacred Cats in Ancient Egypt
Dog as Deity, Ancestor and Royal Animal
Wrestling in Ancient Nubia
Origin of the Egyptian Temples
How Mathematics Begin
Oromo in Ancient Egypt
African Timeline
Kerma - Black Africa's Oldest Civilization
Tomb Reveals Ancient Egypt’s Humiliating Secret
Click to enlarge picture for more photos
Kerma Culture: 7500-1559 B.C.
A-Group: 3800-3100 B.C.
C-Group: 2300-1550 B.C.
Egyptian Domination: 1950-1100 B.C.
Napatan Period 747-200 B.C.
Meroitic Period 200 B.C.--A.D. 350
X-Group (Ballana Period) A.D. 250-550
Christian Period: A.D. 550-1400
                                                 (All dates are approximated)
Nabta Playa: African Archaeology (9560 BC)
What could Hitler, the German chancellor who savaged the Jews and brought world war upon us during the mid 20th century, had to do with our initial interpretations of the origins of Egyptian society? Quite a lot, actually, although we must not place all  the blame on him. Many of his attitudes about race were more common in the early 20th century amongst the western colonial powers than most people realize.
The Scramble for Africa: Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 to Divide Africa
Genetics Research of Africa and Asia
Genesis of the Pharaohs: Genesis of the ‘Ka’ and Crowns?
Kingdom of Loango, Congo
Hairstyles in African Culture
Nubian Royal Statue Head Found
Educational Links
Race and History
African Voices
African-American Ancestry
History is a light that illuminates the past, and a key that unlocks the door to the future. - Runoko
Ancient Egypt and Egyptology Forum
Discussion Group
Finally in Africa? Egypt, from Diop to Celenko
King Taharqa's Photo Gallery
The Origin of Egyptian Civilization
Although some believe the high culture of subsequent Egyptian dynasties was borrowed from Mesopotamia and Syria, University of Colorado at Boulder astronomy Professor J. McKim Malville and others believe the complex and symbolic Nabta culture may have stimulated the growth of the society that eventually constructed the first pyramids along the Nile about 4500 years ago.
The Kingdom of Benin Royal Court Art
Who Are the Nubians?
Kingdom of Ancient Benin
Who Are The Sea People?
Highly recommended books
Page Rank
Federal Student Aid
Video: Basil Davidson - Nile Valley Civilization (origins)
Sudan's Kingdom of Kush
Women in Darfur risk exposure to violent attacks and each time they leave the safety of the displaced persons camps to gather firewood. With more than 300,000 Darfuris dead and at least two million more having fled their homes, the situation may seem overwhelming. But, there is hope. It comes in the unlikely shape of a stove. Learn more about the Potential Energy Stoves Project) and how you can make a difference in Darfur. The cookstoves were developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Engineers without Borders.
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Egyptians are African Nubian
Ancient Egypt & Nubian Timeline
Egyptian Nubian Artifacts

Ancient Egyptian Mural Paintings
Peopling of the Nile Valley
Basic Database of Nile Valley Studies
Dr. S.O. Y. Keita: Limb Proportions of the Egyptian mummy
Tutankhamen 'killed by sickle-cell disease'
Black Hair Magazine Online
Description: Ethnic magazine for relaxed and natural hair.
Obituary: Basil Davidson
DVD: Nubian Spirit -- The African Legacy of the Nile Valley
In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable Egyptological finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues.
Museum at Kerma (Sudan)
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Black Hair Show - Videos
Jebel Barkal Pinnacle
Dogs in Ancient Egypt
Ancient African City Jenne-jeno (Mali)
Mansa Musa, King of Mali
Songhai Empire: West African State
Mansa "King of Kings" Sundiata Keita
Why Do Civilizations Fall?
Lifestyles of Ancient Egyptians
(Thanks for the link Tony)
Kerma - Swiss Archaeological Mission in Sudan
The Lost Libraries of Timbuktu Part 1 of 5 - BBC Travel Documentary
Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5
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Ancient African Writing Systems
Egypt Search Reload
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Africans Independently Domesticated Cattle
Ancient Egypt Web Site
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How Papyrus is Made - Cairo Egypt

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African Skyscraper City Photo Album

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African Archaeological Review
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Presents proof that an advanced black African civilization inhabited the Sahara long before Pharaonic Egypt
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American Economics 101
Black to Kemet: Placing Egypt in Africa
The Golden Age of African Civilization
Africa’s Oldest Known Boat
,,, your African clothing store
35 mini-pyramids of the Kingdom of Kush found in Sudan
Mystery of the Black Mummy
Ancient Sudan -- Nubia
Welcome to the African Rock Art Archive:The Bradshaw Foundation.
Our ancestors originated in Africa.
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Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop -  The African Origins Of Humanity
Cheikh Anta Diop (29 December 1923 – 7 February 1986) was a historian, anthropologist, physicist, and politician who studied the human race's origins and pre-colonial African culture. Cheikh Anta Diop University, in Dakar, Senegal, is named after him.

Presents historical, archaeological, and anthropological evidence to support the theory that ancient Egypt was a black civilization.

Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia)
This installment of Hidden Colors goes into topics such as:
* The global African presence
* The science of melanin
* The truth about the prison industrial complex
* How thriving black economic communities were undermined in America
* The hidden truth about Native Americans.
* Solutions
And much more


DVD