Amenirdis I
747 B.C., 25th Dynasty
The daughter of King Kashta of Nubia

At left she is crowned by a circlet of hooded cobra heads and, in the New Kingdom sculptural tradition, the eyebrows and cosmetic lines are long, drawn out in heavy relief. A simple, tight-fitting garment sheathes her body, the breasts are covered by a halter, and the left hand grasps the stem of a lily scepter, a symbol of femininity.

Amenirdis was established as God's Wife of Amun in Thebes, and this important post typifies the policy of the Napatan kings of Egypt and may anticipate the central role which royal women held in the later history of Kush.
Offerings to Divine Consort Amenirdis I in her funerary chapel, XXV dynasty,
Medinet Habu.
W.M. Flinders Petrie, A History of Egypt - Part One, 1896, p. 289

"The importance of this queen leads us to place her monuments together as a whole; the more so as she always appears as the main personage where she is named. She does not seem to have had political power, except in the Theban principality of the priesthood of Amen. But she was the great heiress of the kingdom, and descent from her conferred the highest authority. As she is usually designated as daughter of Kashta, it is clear that her rights came rather through her mother, who is never named. As a mere appendage to the power appears that of her husband Pankhy II".

Pankhy II was the brother and husband of Amenirdis is proved by the position of Shepenwepet II, who was "born of the sister of her father."
Statue of Harwa holding two figures of goddesses

Housed at the The British Museum

From Egypt
25th Dynasty, around 710 BC

This statue is one of several of Harwa, 'steward of the divine votaress', now in various museum collections.

He holds the figures of two goddesses before him, perhaps in a gesture of offering or protection. The goddesses are also shown squatting, a pose which recalls the hieroglyphic symbol for 'goddess'. They wear head dresses composed of cow's horns and a sun disc, often associated with the goddess Hathor. The figure on the right also wears a double plume. Between them, inscribed on Harwa's chest, is the cartouche of the high priestess Amenirdis, daughter of King Piye (about 747-716 BC). This perhaps suggests that the figures are of Amenirdis in the form of Hathor and another goddess.
Egyptian Museum, Cairo
British Museum

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