King Amanitenmemide protected by a winged goddess, from his pyramid chapel at Meroe (Begrawiya North 17), Meroitic Period, 50-62 AD (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Agyptisches Museum DDR 2261)
King Amanitenmemide
Meroitic Period, 50-62 AD

Relief Sculpture

As with architecture, Meroitic Period official relief developed from Egyptian prototypes by way of Kushite art of the Napatan Period. In the course of the third century BC, however, relief achieved a degree of independence.

Reliefs form the largest group of extant Meroitic art. The greatest number come from the pyramid chapels of Meroe and Gebel Barkal and are closely associated with funerary establishments. The inner walls of the pyramid chapels show the decreased enthroned (left) in the company under the protection of a winged goddess, who stands behind him. Before him stands a priest offering incense or water. In the middle Meroitic Period, the deities Isis and Anubis occasionally replace the priest. These pictures served a magical function, assuring life after death.

Text reference:

Weing, Steffen. Africa in Antiquity II, The Brooklyn Museum (1978), pp. 77-78